Hagfrćđideild Háskóli Íslands 

H A G K E R F I

 

Kennari: Birgir Ţór Runólfsson bthru@hi.is

Í öđrum námskeiđum hafa ýmis lögmál og kenningar hagfrćđinnar veriđ kynntar án ţess ţó ađ rćtt vćri um ţjóđfélagslegt umhverfi ţeirra kenninga. Hér er ţessu snúiđ viđ, umhverfi kenninganna er umrćđuefniđ. Áhersla er lögđ á ađ sýna hvernig ólík stofnanaumhverfi hafa áhrif á hagrćna hegđun einstaklinga og einnig á hvernig stofnanaumhverfiđ er tilkomiđ. Samanburđur stofnanna og hagkerfa krefst stórra spurninga og svörin eru ţví oft almenn eđlis.

Í námskeiđinu verđur m.a. reynt ađ svara ţví hvers vegna markađshagkerfi hafa yfirburđi yfir annarskonar hagkerfi. Ađaláherslan verđur ţó á ađ skýra tilkomu ýmissa stofnanna markađshagkerfa og hvernig ólíkar stofnanir hafa mismunandi áhrif á virkni slíkra hagkerfa.Verđur m.a. fjallađ um viđskiptakostnađ og skipan eignarréttar og sýnt hvernig bćđi móta hegđun einstaklinga og árangur í viđskiptum. Starfsemi ríkisins og leikreglur stjórnmálanna verđa einnig gerđ ađ umrćđuefni.

Námsmat: Próf gilda 60% af lokaeinkunn, verkefni/ritgerđ 30% og ţátttaka í tímum 10%.

 

Eftrifarandi bćkur hafa veriđ settar á námsbókasafn:

 

John Groenwegen, Antoon Spithoven og Annette van den Berg: Institutional Economics; An Introduction, 2010

Louis Slangen, Laura Loucks og Arjen Slangen: Institutional economics and economic organisation theory; an integrated approach, 2008

Erik G Furubotn og Rudolf Richter: Institutions and Economic Theory; The Contribution of the New Institutional Economics, 2. útg. 2005

Ţráinn Eggertsson: Economic bahavior and Institutions, útg. 1990.

L. Slangen, L. Loucks & A. Slangen: Institutional economics and economic organization theory; an integrated approach, Wageningen Academic Publisheres 2008

S. Douma & H. Schreuder: Economic Approaches to Organizations, 4. útg., FT-Prentice Hall 2008

Terry Anderson & Fred McChesney, ritstj.: Property Rights; Cooperation, Conflict, and the Law, útg. 2003

Hernando de Soto: The Mystery of Capital, útg. 2000 (Áriđ 2005 kom út íslensk útgáfa ţessa rits, Leyndardómur fjármagnsins)

B. Bouckaert & G. De Geest: Encyclopedia of Law and Economics , Edward Elgar 2000

 

Námskeiđsuppbygging:

Vika

Yfirferđ og lesefni

1-2

Af hverju leggjum viđ stund á stofnanir og hagkerfi? Hagfrćđi stofnana og hvernig ţau frćđi tengjast nýklassískri hagfrćđi. Hagfrćđi framtíđarinnar?

J. Groenwegen, A. Spithoven & A. van den Berg: Institutional Economics; An Introduction, kaflar 1-2

L. Slangen, L. Loucks & A. Slangen: Institutional economics and economic organization theory; an integrated approach, kaflar 2-3

Ţráinn Eggertsson: Economic behavior and institutions, kaflar 1-3

Erik G Furubotn og Rudolf Richter: Institutions and Economic Theory; The Contribution of the New Institutional Economics, kaflar 1 og 10

Peter G. Klein "New Institutional Economics" Encyclopedia of Law and Economics (ţetta rit er einnig til í prentađri útgáfu á handbókasafni)

Steven G. Medema, Nicholas Mercuro and Warren J. Samuels Institutional Law & Economics" Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Douglass C. North: "Institutions" The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 5, No. 1. (Winter, 1991), pp. 97-112.

Don Lavoie: „Coordination in Society: Tradition, Market, and Planning“ í National Economic Planning: What is Left?

Ronald Coase: "Why Economics Will Change", International Society for New Institutional Economics,  4 (1), Summer 2002.

Oliver E. Williamson: "The New Institutional Economics: Taking Stock, Looking Ahead" Journal of Economic Literature 38, 2000

2-3

Viđskiptakostnađur

J. Groenwegen, A. Spithoven & A. van den Berg: Institutional Economics; An Introduction, kaflar 1-2

L. Slangen, L. Loucks & A. Slangen: Institutional economics and economic organization theory; an integrated approach, kafli 5

Ţráinn Eggertsson: Economic behavior and institutions, kaflar 1-3

Erik G Furubotn og Rudolf Richter: Institutions and Economic Theory; The Contribution of the New Institutional Economics, kafli 2

Douglas W. Allen "Transaction Costs"  Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

S. Douma & H. Schreuder: Economic Approaches to Organizations, 4. útg., kafli 8

Benham og Benham "The Costs of Exchange"

Ning Wng "Measuring Transaction Costs: An Incomplete Survey"

Douglass North: "Transaction Costs Through Time"

Richard N. Langlois "The Secret Life of Mundane Transaction Costs"

4-6

Eignarréttur, eignarhald og samningar

J. Groenwegen, A. Spithoven & A. van den Berg: Institutional Economics; An Introduction, kaflar 3-4

L. Slangen, L. Loucks & A. Slangen: Institutional economics and economic organization theory; an integrated approach, kaflar 4, 7 og 10-11

Ţráinn Eggertsson: Economic behavior and institutions, kaflar 4-9

Erik G Furubotn og Rudolf Richter: Institutions and Economic Theory; The Contribution of the New Institutional Economics, kaflar 3-5

Terry Anderson & Fred McChesney, ritstj.: Property Rights; Cooperation, Conflict, and the Law, II, III og IV hluti

Hernando de Soto: The Mystery of Capital (einnig til á íslensku: Leyndardómur fjármagnsins)

Boudewijn Bouckaert "Original Assignment of Private Property"  Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Elinor Ostrom "Private and Common Property Rights"  Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Steven G. Medema and Richard O. Zerbe Jr. "The Coase Theorem"  Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Scott E. Masten "Contractual Choice" Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Morten Hviid "Long-Term Contracts & Relational Contracts" Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Terry L. Anderson and Peter J. Hill: "Privatizing the Commons: An Improvement?" Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 50, No. 2 (Oct., 1983), pp. 438-450

Terry L. Anderson and Peter J. Hill: "The Race for Property Rights", Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 33, No. 1 (Apr., 1990), pp. 177-197

Gary D. Libecap: "Contracting for Property Rights", 1999

Gary D. Libecap: "Assigning Property Rights in the Common Pool: Implications of the Prevalence of First-Possession Rules for ITQs in Fisheries", Marine Resource Economics, Vol. 22

Thrainn Eggertsson: "Analyzing institutional successes and failures: A millennium of common mountain pastures in Iceland", International Review of Law and Economics, Vol. 12 (4), Des. 1992, pp. 423-437

The Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 31, No. 2, Jun., 2002. Part 2: The Evolution of Property Rights. S331-S672

Ragnar Arnson: "Property rights as a means of economic organization" Use of Property Rights in Fisheries Management

Steven N. S. Cheung: "A Theory of Price Control", Journal of Law and Econoimcs, Vol. 17, No. 1 (Apr., 1974) pp. 53-71

Robert Sugden: "Spontaneous Order", The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 3, No. 4 (Autumn, 1989), pp. 85-97

Michael Heller (1998). “The Tragedy of the Anticommons. Property in the Transition from Marx to Markets.” Harvard Law Review 111(3): 662-688.

J. M. Buchanan & Y. J. Yoon, “Symmetric Tragedies: Commons and Anticommons”, Journal of Law and Economics, vol. 43 (1), April 2000, 1-13

7-10

Skipulag í einkageiranum, markađur og fyrirtćki

J. Groenwegen, A. Spithoven & A. van den Berg: Institutional Economics; An Introduction, kafli 5-7

L. Slangen, L. Loucks & A. Slangen: Institutional economics and economic organization theory; an integrated approach, kaflar 6 og 8-9

Ţráinn Eggertsson: Economic behavior and institutions, kaflar 5-7

Erik G Furubotn og Rudolf Richter: Institutions and Economic Theory; The Contribution of the New Institutional Economics, kaflar 6-8

F. A. Hayek: „The Use of Knowledge in Society“

F. A. Hayek: „Competition as a Discovery Procedure“

Peter J. Boettke: "Economic Calculation: The Austrian Contribution to Political Economy," Advances in Austrian Economics, Vol. 5 (1998): 131-158.

Peter J. Boettke: “Hayek and Market Socialism: Science, Ideology and Public Policy,” Economic Affairs (December 2005) Douglass North: "Institutions, Organizations and Market Competition"

Douglass North: "Institutions and Productivity in History"

Avner Greif, „Contract Enforceability and Economic Institutions in Early Trade: The Maghribi Traders' Coalition“, The American Economic Review, Vol. 83, No. 3 (Jun., 1993), pp. 525-548

Avner Greif , „On the Political Foundations of the Late Medieval Commercial Revolution: Genoa During the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries“, The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 54, No. 2, Papers Presented at the Fifty-Third Annual Meeting of the Economic History Association (Jun., 1994), pp. 271-287

Bruce L. Benson, „The Spontaneous Evolution of Commercial Law“, Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 55, No. 3 (Jan., 1989), pp. 644-661

S. Douma & H. Schreuder: Economic Approaches to Organizations, kaflar 6-7

Nicolai J. Foss, Henrik Lando and Steen Thomsen: "The Theory of the Firm" Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Terry Anderson & Fred McChesney, ritstj.: Property Rights; Cooperation, Conflict, and the Law, kafli 2

Ronald Coase "Um eđli fyrirtćkja" í Fjármálatíđindi

Richard N. Langlois, "Do Firms Plan?"

Richard N. Langlois, “The Austrian Theory of the Firm: Retrospect and Prospect” Working Paper 80, Mercatus Center, 2007

Robert Gibbons: Four formal(izable) theories of the firm? Journal of Economcis Behavior and Organization, vol. 58, 2005, 200-245

Klein, Benjamin, “The Economic Lessons of Fisher Body–General Motors“, International Journal of the Economics of Business, Feb2007, Vol. 14 Issue 1, 1-36

Ronald Coase, 2006. "The Conduct of Economics: The Example of Fisher Body and General Motors," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, vol. 15(2), pages 255-278

 

11-12

Ríkisvald, stjórnkerfi lýđrćđisríkja og skipulag í opinbera geiranum

J. Groenwegen, A. Spithoven & A. van den Berg: Institutional Economics; An Introduction, kaflar 8-9

L. Slangen, L. Loucks & A. Slangen: Institutional economics and economic organization theory; an integrated approach, kafli 11

Ţráinn Eggertsson: Economic behavior and institutions, kafli 10

Erik G Furubotn og Rudolf Richter: Institutions and Economic Theory; The Contribution of the New Institutional Economics, kaflar 6 og 9

Johan den Hertog "General Theories of Regulation" Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Ludwig Van den Hauwe "Public Choice, Constitutional Political Economy, and Law & Economics"  Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

J. Buchanan og G. Brennan: „Modelling the Individual for Constitutional Analysis“ í Buchanan og Brennan: The Reason of Rules

J. Buchanan and D. Lee: "Politics, Time, and the Laffer Curve," The Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 90, No. 4 (Aug., 1982), pp. 816-819

V. Vanberg, “Market and state: the perspective of constitutional political economy”, Journal of Institutional Economics 1 (1), 2005, 23-49

Andrei Shleifer, “State versus Private Ownership”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 12 (4), Fall 1998, 133-150

M. Shirley & P Walsh, “Public versus Private Ownership; The Current State of the Debate”, Policy Research Working Paper 2420, The World Bank 2000

W. Megginson & J. Netter, “From State to Market: A Survey of Empirical Studies on Privatization”, Journal of Economic Literature, vol. 39 (2), June 2001, 321-389

Roger Congleton og Viktor Vanberg: Help, harm or avoid? On the personal advantage of dispositions to cooperate and punish in multilateral PD games with exit, Journal Of Economic Behavior And Organization (44)2 (2001) pp. 145-167

Birgir Ţór Runólfsson: „Ţróun íslenska ţjóđveldisins frá sjónarhorni stofnanahagfrćđi“

Birgir Ţór Runólfsson: „Institutional Evolution in the Icelandic Commonwealth“ Constitutional Political Economy (1), 1993