SHAFT KENNINGS OF SKALDIC POETRY (Meissner: 74)
Based on Meissner's "Die Kenningar der Skalden" (1921), pp. 144-145.

COMPLETE ALPHABETICAL LISTING

This website is experimental and incomplete. I have taken Meissner's data on SHAFT (SPEAR or ARROW) Kennings, reclassified it slightly, and attempted to present it in a new manner. Simplifying Meissner's approach, I have come to the conclusion that the STEMS of the 10 SHAFT kennings treated here may be classified as shown in the table below.

CLICK STEM TYPE FOR COMPLETE LISTING

ARAIN/HAIL4
BWOOD2
CBIRD3
DUNIQUE1
 ALL COMBINED10

Any classification of the above STEMS will always be problematic and open to criticism. However, the classification of QUALIFIERS is much simpler. I have settled upon the following:

1.aODIN1
1.cHEROES1
2.ABATTLE2
3.dWEAPONS (general): SHAFTS1
5.aBYRNIE1
5.bHELMET1
6.aBLOOD1
6.bWOUNDS1
6.cTHE SLAIN1