RSDRPA
Eilfr Gornarson (ca. 1000)

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INTRODUCTION
DRTTKVTT
KENNINGS
METRICS
ANALOGUES
 
For commentaries, click any part of the Old Icelandic text.
 
01:1 Flugstalla r felli

The father of the sea-thread [Loki] set about urging the feller of the life-net of the gods of the flight-ledges [rr] to leave home. Loptr [Loki] was a mighty liar. The deceitful mind-tester of the war-thunder's Gautr [Loki] declared that green paths led towards Geirrr's wall-horse [house].

01:2 fjrnets goa at hvetja,
01:3 drjgr var Loptr at ljga,
01:4 lgseims fair heiman.
01:5 Gereynir kva grnar
01:6 Gauts herrumu brautir
01:7 vilgi tryggr til veggjar
01:8 viggs Geirrar liggja.
 
02:1 Gestrangr of lt gngu

The brave rr did not need to be asked often by the vulture-path [Loki] to make the journey; they were eager to oppress orn's descendants [giants], when the tamer of Gandvk's girdle [rr], mightier than the Scots of Ii's dwelling [giants], again set forth from rii's [Odin's] towards Ymsi's kindred [giants].

02:2 gammlei arr skmmum,
02:3 fstusk eir at rsta
02:4 orns nijum, sik bija,
02:5 er gjarvenjur grisk
02:6 Gandvkr, skotum rkri,
02:7 endr til Ymsa kindar,
02:8 Ija setrs, fr rija.
 
03:1 Grr, var fr fyrri,

Rgnir of the battle [jlfi] was quicker to join the swift mover of armies [rr] on the expedition than the perjurious burden of the arms of the hapt of sorcery [Loki]. I recite Grmnir's lip-streams [poetry]. The maiden-betrayer of the halls of the shrill-crier [rr] stretched the palms of his soles onto Endill's moor [ocean].

03:2 farmr, meinsvrans, arma,
03:3 sknar, hapts, me svipti
03:4 sagna, galdrs, en rgnir.
03:5 yl ek granstrauma Grmnis:
03:6 gall- mantlir halla
03:7 -pnis ilja gaupnum
03:8 Endils m spendi.
 
04:1 Ok, Gangs, -Vanir gengu

And the battle-Vanir [warriors] walked, until the prime diminisher of the maidens of the enemy of the Frr of the heaven-shield [rr] reached Gangr's blood [ocean], when the agile, quick-tempered averter of Loki's mischief [rr] wished to oppose the bride of the sedge-buck's kinsmen [giantess].

04:2 gunn-, vargs himintrgu
04:3 Frar, unz til, flja
04:4 frumseyrir kom dreyra,
04:5 er blkveitir brjta
04:6 bragmildr Loka vildi,
04:7 bri vndr, bri
04:8 bg sefgrmnis mga.
 
05:1 Ok vegverrir varra

And the honour-decreaser of the Nanna of the pommel of the sea [rr] crossed on foot the icy, swollen streams, which tumble around the lynx's ocean [earth]. The furious scatterer of the scree-villain [rr] made fast progress over the broad way of the stick-path [ocean], where mighty streams spewed poison.

05:2 vann fetrunnar Nnnu
05:3 hjalts af hagli oltnar
05:4 hlaupr um ver gaupu.
05:5 Mjk lei r sta stkkvir
05:6 stikleiar veg breian
05:7 urar rjts, ar er eitri,
05:8 str, jar fnstu.
 
06:1 ar -mrk fyrir -markar,

There they pushed shooting-serpents [spears] into the net-forest [ocean] against the loud wind of the forest [ocean-current]. The slippery, round bones [pebbles] did not sleep. The banging files [spears] jangled against the pebbles, while the mountains' falling-roar [cascade] rushed, beaten by an ice-storm, along Feja's anvil.

06:2 mlhvettan byr settu,
06:3 ne hvlvlur hlar,
06:4 hf- skotnara, svfu;
06:5 Kntti, hreggi hggvin,
06:6 hlyml vi ml glymja,
06:7 en fellihryn fjalla
06:8 Feju aut me steja.
 
07:1 Harvaxnar lt herir

The promoter of the whetstone-land [warrior] let the mightily-swollen ones [waves] fall over him. The man, who benefited from the girdle of might [jlfi], knew no better course of action. The diminisher of Mrn's children [rr] threatened that his power would grow unto the hall's roof [heaven], unless the gushing-blood of orn's neck [ocean] would diminish.

07:2 halllands of sik falla;
07:3 gatat mar, njtr, hin neytri,
07:4 njar-, r fyrir sr, -gjarar.
07:5 verrir lt, nema yrri
07:6 orns, barna sr mrnar,
07:7 snerribl, til, svra,
07:8 salaks megin vaxa.
 
08:1 u fast, en, frir

The glorious, battle-wise warriors, oath-sworn vikings of Gauti's dwelling, waded hard, while the sword-fen [ocean] flowed. The wave of the earth's snow-dune [ocean], blown by the tempest, rushed forcefully at the increaser of the distress of the room-dwellers of the land of the ridge [rr],

08:2 flaut, eisvara Gauta
08:3 setrs vkingar snotrir,
08:4 sver-, runnar, -fen, gunnar.
08:5 uri hrnn at heri
08:6 haurs rmbyggva nauar,
08:7 jarar skafls af afli,
08:8 ss, hretviri blsin.
 
09:1 Unz me ta sinni,

until jlfi, accompanying the friend of men [rr], flew into the air of his own accord onto the sky-lord's shield-strap - that was a great feat of strength! The widows of the Mmir of mischief [waves] caused a violent stream, strident with steel. Grr's toppler [rr] carried the battle-tree [jlfi] across the bumpy land of the porpoise [ocean].

09:2 aflraun var at, skaunar
09:3 seil himinsjla
09:4 sjlflopta kom jlfi.
09:5 Hu stli stran
09:6 straum Hrekkmmis ekkjur;
09:7 stop- hnsu fr steypir
09:8 strlund me -vll Grar.
 
010:1 Ne djp-akrn drpu

The deep-acorns of hostility [hearts] of the men, who firmly oppose disgrace, did not miss a beat at the surge of the current of Glammi's haunt [ocean]. The brave son of the isthmus [rr] was not threatened by the terror of fjord-trees [ocean] (?) rr's valour-stone [heart] did not tremble from fear, and neither did jlfi's.

010:2 dlgs, vamms, firum, Glamma,
010:3 strkvijundum, stvar
010:4 stall vi rastar falli;
010:5 gn djarfan hlaut arfi
010:6 eis fjarar hug meira;
010:7 skalf-a rs ne jlfa
010:8 rttar steinn vi tta.
 
011:1 Ok sfuna san

A flock of the cliff-foes of the shield of the ever-burning fire [giants] made a din of the sword's board [battle] against the tighteners of Gleipnir [the sir], before the crossers of the deep, the destroyers of the nation of the sea-shore [rr & jlfi], were able to conduct the bowl-play of the hair-parting of Hinn [battle] against the kin-Briton of the cave [Geirrr].

011:2 svers li-Hatar geru
011:3 hlfar bors vi hera
011:4 har- Gleipnis dyn -bara;
011:5 r hylriar hi,
011:6 hrjendr fjru jar,
011:7 vi skyld-Breta skytju
011:8 sklleik Heins reikar.
 
012:1 Dreif, me drttar kneyfi,

The skerry-nation of the cold wave of the foe-Sweden [giants] fled, and hurried into their sanctuary, accompanied by the crusher of the ness-people [rr]. The Danes of the flood-rib of the outlying sanctuary [giants] admitted defeat, when the kinsmen of Jlnir's fire-shaker [warriors] stood resolutely.

012:2 dlg-Svjar klgu
012:3 stti fer fltta
012:4 flesdrtt, v nesja;
012:5 er funhristis fasta,
012:6 flrifs Danir, stu,
012:7 knttu, jlnis ttir,
012:8 tvs fyrir lta.
 
013:1 ars rttar hersar

When the warriors, endowed with minds of valour, entered the house of orn [cave], there was a great din among the Cymry of the cave of the circular wall [giants]. The peace-reluctant slayer of the reindeer of the Lister of the peak [rr] was put in a fix there, on the dire, grim hat of the giantess [chair].

013:2 ornrann hugum bornir,
013:3 hlymr var hellis Kumra
013:4 hringblkar, fram gingu;
013:5 Lista frr fasta
013:6 friseinn var ar hreina
013:7 gnpu hlr greypan
013:8 grn htt risa kvnar.
 
014:1 Ok hm loga himni,

They forced the high heaven of the flame of the brow-moon [rr's head] against the rafters of the (rock-)hall [cave], and were crushed against the rocks of the plain (of the rock-hall) [floor]. The hull-controller of the hovering chariot of the thunder-storm [rr] broke the ancient keel of the laughter-ship [backbone] of both cave-maidens [giantesses].

014:2 hall- fylvingum vallar
014:3 trusk r, vi tri
014:4 -tungls br- salar rungu;
014:5 hfstjri braut hvru
014:6 hreggs vfreiar tveggja
014:7 hltr-ellia hellis
014:8 hundfornan kjl sprundi.
 
015:1 Fta nam fri,

Earth's son [rr] taught an unusual lesson [or: seldom spoke], but the men of the lair of the land of the fjord-apple [giants] did not cease their ale-feast. The frightener of the elm-cord [warrior], Suri's kinsman [Geirrr], with tongs thrust a morsel, cooked in the forge [a glowing piece of iron], at the mouth of inn's grief-thief [rr].

015:2 fjareplis, konr Jarar,
015:3 mrar legs, n mgu
015:4 menn lteiti, kenna;
015:5 lmtaugar laust gir
015:6 angrjf sega tngu
015:7 ins afli sonum,
015:8 ttrur, gin, Sura.
 
053:1 rngvir gein vi ungum

The oppressor of the kinfolk of evening-running women [rr] opened wide the mouth of his arm [hand] at the heavy, red morsel of the tongs' seaweed [the glowing piece of iron],

053:2 angs raubita tangar
053:3 kveldrunninna kvinna
053:4 kunnleggs alinmunni.
 
016:1 Sv at hraskyndir handa

and thus the swift hastener of battle, rng's old friend [rr], greedily drank the raised drink of the molten lump in the air with the swift mouths of his hands [caught it in his grasp], when the hissing cinder took flight from the hostile breast of the grip [palm] of the ardent lover of Hrmnir's maiden [giant] towards the one who strongly misses rr [rr].

016:2 hrapmunnum svalg gunnar
016:3 lyptisylg lopti
016:4 langvinr su rngvar,
016:5 er rrasis eisa
016:6 s Hrmnis fl drsar
016:7 til rmnis rar
016:8 jst- af greipar -brjsti.
 
017:1 Bifisk hll er hfi

The hall of rasir [cave] shook, when Heirekr's [Geirrr's] broad head was brought underneath the ancient leg of the wall of the floor-bear [pillar]. The splendid step-father of Ullr [rr] struck the harmful brooch [the iron-bolt] with great force down through the middle of the girdle of the villain of the tooth of the way of the fishing-line [giant].

017:2 Heireks of kom breiu
017:3 und fletbjarnar fornan
017:4 ftlegg rasis veggjar;
017:5 tr gulli laust Ullar
017:6 jtrs vegtaugar rjti
017:7 meina nir mijan
017:8 mest bgyril nestu.
 
018:1 Glaums nijum fr grva

The furious one [rr] slaughtered the descendants of Glaumr [giants] with his bloody hammer. The slayer of the frequent visitor of the hall of the stone-goddess [rr] was victorious. Lack of (jlfi's) support did not hamper the pole of the bow [warrior], god of the chariot [rr], who inflicted grief upon the giant's bench-mates [giants].

018:2 gramr me dreyrgum hamri;
018:3 of salvani-Synjar
018:4 sigr hlaut arinbauti.
018:5 Komat tvviar tvi
018:6 tollur karms, s er harmi,
018:7 brautarlis, of beitti
018:8 bekk-, fall, jtuns -rekka.
 
019:1 Hel- bltinn v -hneitir

The worshipped Hel-striker [rr], with the Elf [jlfi], slew the wood-calves of the subterranean refuge from Elf-World's gleam [giants] with the easy-crusher [Mjlnir]. The Rogalanders of the Lister of the falcon-lair [giants] were unable to harm the firmly supportive shortener of the lifespan of the men of the rock-king [jlfi].

019:2 hgbrotningi skgar
019:3 undirfjlfrs at lfi
019:4 lfheims bliku klfa;
019:5 ne lifstum Lista
019:6 ltrval-Rygir mttu
019:7 aldrminnkanda aldar
019:8 Ellu steins of bella.