RSDRPA 1:1-4

Codex RegiusCodex TrajectinusCodex WormianusEmended & Modernized
1 : 1-4 VariantsVariants 
Flvgstalla re fellir  Flugstalla r felli
fiorniotz goa at hveriafiørmotz ; hvetiafiornatz ; hvetiafjrnets goa at hvetja,
drivgr var loptr at livga  drjgr var Loptr at ljga,
log seims fair heiman;logsems lgseims fair heiman;

This half-stanza consists of two sentences. The secondary sentence is neatly interpolated in the third line:

Fair lgseims r at hvetja heiman felli fjrnets goa flugstalla; drgr var Loptr at ljga, i.e. "the father of the sea-thread [Loki] set about urging the feller of the life-net of the gods of the flight-ledges [slayer of giants = rr] to leave home. Loptr [Loki] was a mighty liar."

The emendations seem unavoidable. In the second line a full in-rhyme is expected, and the nominative fellir is impossible.

fair lgseims ] "father of the sea-thread" is Loki. The "sea-thread" is, of course, the great Midgard-serpent, dweller in the ocean surrounding the earth. According to Snorri, he is the son of Loki and Angurboa. Similar kennings for the great world-serpent are common in skaldic poetry, e.g. srur (sea-thread), jarar rur (earth thread).

r at hvetja heiman ] "set about urging (Thor) to leave home" R may simply be a meaningless ancillary verb, in which case r a hvetja is equivalent to hvatti "encouraged, urged". Heiman means "from the home, away from home".

felli fjrnets goa flugstalla ] "feller of the life-net of the gods of the flight-ledges" = "slayer of giants", i.e. Thor.

The word fjrnet occurs nowhere else, but the meaning is "life-net", presumably the "web of fate/life" woven by the norns, and strung out across the heavens (cp. Helgakvia I, 3-5: Sneru r af afli rlgttu ... r um greiddu gullin smu og und mna sal mijan festu ... r austur og vestur enda flu ... br nift Nera norurvega einni festi, ey ba hn halda, i.e. "they twisted strongly the threads of fate ... they prepared the golden thread and fastened it under the middle of the moon's hall (heaven) ... east and west the secured its ends ... Neri's kinswoman (Urd) threw one cord towards north, and commanded it to hold forever.") The feller of such a "life-net", the one who makes it collapse, is a slayer.

The "gods of the flight-ledges" are giants. The word flug has two distinct meanings: "flight, flying" and "sheer (perpendicular) cliff" (cp. hengiflug, klettaflug). Both meanings are appropriate here, and possibly related. The sheer cliff is a common haunt of eagles and falcons (cp. 19:5 where valltr "falcon-lair" means "cliff").

Loptr ] "Airy" is a well-known name for Loki.

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