ŞÓRSDRÁPA 2:1-4

Codex RegiusCodex TrajectinusCodex WormianusEmended & Modernized
2 : 1-4 VariantsVariants 
Geğstrangrar let gongvgeğstrangr Geğstrangr of lét göngu
gamleiğ şoR skoMvskommumskommumgammleiğ Şóarr skömmum,
fyrstvz şeir at şrystafystuzfystuzfıstusk şeir at şrısta
şoms niğivm sic biğia;şornsşoinsşorns niğjum, sik biğja;

This half-stanza consists of two sentences. The secondary sentence is interpolated in the lines 3-4. The two sentences are structured as follows:

Geğstrangr Şóarr lét gammleiğ skömmum biğja sig göngu; şeir fıstusk at şrısta niğjum Şorns, i.e. "the mind-tough [brave] Şórr did not need to be asked often by the vulture-path [Loki] to make the journey; they were eager to oppress Şorn's descendants [giants]".

gammleiğ ] The word means "the vulture's way", i.e. lopt "the air". The accusative of Loki's epithet Loptr is Lopt; thus gammleiğ = Lopt. This poetic device (ofljóst) is not common, but well known and quite permissible.

Skömmum is the dative of skammr, used adverbially, "for a short time" = "not long, not often".

Şorns niğjum ] Literally "the descendants of Thorn". Thorn is equivalent to şurs "giant", as evidenced by the runic alphabet, where the Thorn-rune (Ş) is named Şurs; and by the giant-name Bölşorn, which may be one of Ymir's names.

Şóarr ] Metrically, a two-syllable word is expected here. Therefore, some editors have suggested a form Şóarr, which would form a linguistic bridge between the ancient Şonarr and the less ancient Şórr.

Şeir, in line 3, is usually taken to mean Thor and Loki. This is hardly possible. Loki is a descendant of giants, and as such, he is never described as eager to oppress, or kill, his own kin. His role is always that of the infiltrator among the gods, who encourages them to fight the giants, in the hope that the giants may kill the gods, not vice versa. It will become apparent, later in the poem, that Thor, on this expedition, is accompanied by his servant Şjálfi. In Snorri's prose account of this tale, Loki is said to have accompanied Thor, but no evidence for this can be found in the poem.

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