Old Norse -> Reader > Eireks saga vfrla

Eireks saga vfrla - Chapter 1

- Edited by Haukur orgeirsson 2001

The text was contributed by Eysteinn Bjrnsson and can be found at:

http://www.hi.is/~eybjorn/ugm/quote/evsaga.html

I have only respelled a few words to comform with the spelling standard used in this course.


a)

rndr er nefndr konungr s, er fyrstr r fyrir rndheimi. Hann tti son ann, er Eirekr ht. Hann var vinsll mar egar unga aldri. Hann var rammr at afli, frkn ok framr at llu, drengiligr vexti.


Word		POS	Form			Dict. form	Meaning		Cognate			


Eireks		noun	gen. sg. masc.		Eirekr		-		Eric
saga		noun	nom. sg. fem.		saga		story		(say)
vfrla	adj.	gen. sg. masc. weak.	vfrull	far-travelled	(wide)
rndr		noun	nom. sg. masc.		rndr		-		-
er		verb	pres. 3p. sg.		vera		is		is
nefndr		adj.	nom. sg. masc.		nefndr		named		named
konungr		noun	nom. sg. masc.		konungr		king		king
s		pron.	nom. sg. masc.		s		that (one)	(that)
er		pron.	-			er		that		-
fyrstr		adj.	pret. sg. masc.		fyrstr		first		first
r		verb	pret. 3p. sg.		ra		*		-
fyrir		prep.	-			fyrir		*		for(e)
rnd-heimi	noun	dat. sg. masc.		rndheimr	-		-
hann		pron.	nom. sg. masc.		hann		he		(he)
tti		verb	pret. 3p. sg.		eiga		had		owned
son		noun	acc. sg. masc.		sonr		son		son
ann		verb	acc. sg. masc.		s		that (one)	(that)
Eirekr		noun	nom. sg. masc.		Eirekr		-		(Eric)
ht		verb	pret. 3p. sg.		heita		was named	(hight)
var		verb	pret. 3p. sg.		vera		was		was
vin-sll	adj.	nom. sg. masc.		vinsll		popular**	-
mar		noun	nom. sg. masc.		mar		man		man
egar		adv.	-			egar		already		-
		prep.	-					in		on
unga		adj.	dat. sg. masc. weak***	ungr		young		young
aldri		noun	dat. sg. masc.		aldr		age		(old)
rammr		adj.	nom. sg. masc.		rammr		strong		-
at		prep.	-			at		in		at
afli		adj.	dat. sg. neut.		afl		power		(able)
frkn		adj.	nom. sg. masc.		frk(i)n(n)	stout		-
ok		conj.	-			ok		and		-
framr		adj.	nom. sg. masc.		framr		excelling	-
llu		adj.	dat. sg. neut.		allr		everything	all

* The phrasal verb "ra fyrir + dat" means "be in charge of".

** Literally "friend-happy".

*** I have never been able to explain the weak declension in this phrase.


b)

ess er getit eitt jlakveld, strengdi Eirekr ess heit at fara um allan heim at leita, ef hann fyndi sta ann, er heinir menn kalla dinsakr, en kristnir menn jr lifandi manna ea Paradsum. essi heitstrenging verr frg um allan Noreg.

Word		POS	Form			Dict. form	Meaning		Cognate			

ess		pron.	gen. sg. neut.		s		that		(that)
getit		adj.	nom. sg. neut.		geta		mentioned	(guessed)
eitt		number	acc. sg. neut.		einn		one		one
jla-kveld	noun	acc. sg. neut.		jlakveld	Christmas night	(yule)
strengdi	verb	pret. 3p. sg.		strengja	swore		strung
heit		noun	acc. sg. neut.		heit		oath		-
leita		verb	infinitive		leita		search for	-
fyndi		verb	pret. 3p. sg. subj.	finna		(would) find	find
sta		noun	acc. sg. masc.		star		place		stead
heinir		adj.	nom. pl. masc.		heiinn		heathen		heathen
menn		noun	nom. pl. masc.		mar		people		men
-dins-akr	noun	nom. pl. masc.		dinsakr	*		-
kristnir	adj.	nom. pl. masc.		kristinn	Christian	Christian
jr		noun	acc. sg. fem.		jr		earth		earth
lifandi		verb.	pr. part. gen. pl. msc.	lifa		living		living
Paradsum	noun	acc. sg. neut.		Paradsum	Paradise	Paradise
heit-strenging  noun	nom. sg. fem.		heitstrenging	oath		-
verr		verb	pres. 3p. sg.		vera		becomes		-
frg		adj.	nom. sg. fem.		frgr		famous		-

* Literally "un-dying-field", or something like that.



c)

nsta sumri eptir br Eirekr skip eitt skrautligt af Noregi ok hlt til Danmerkr. eir vru tlf skipi. Danakonungr tti sr son. S ht ok Eirekr. eir fegar buu Eireki rndarsyni me sr at vera ann vetr, ok hann at. eir nafnar lgu lag sitt saman, ok var me eim vel, ok at mrgu vru eir lkir. Ok um vrit eptir rsk Eirekr danski fer me nafna snum. Vru eir ok tlf saman. Sigldu n ok tla til Miklagars, ok ar koma eir ann tma, sem Grikkja konungr bau t her mti vkingum, er gengu mjk rki hans. Ok er Grikkja konungr frtti kvmu Normanna, br hann eim til sn ok tk vi eim vegliga, frtti eptir, hverir eir s ea hvaan eir vri komnir ea hvert eir tlai a fara. Eirekr segir, at eir vri Normenn ok konunga synir ok tlai at kanna va heim. tignai Grikkja konungr forkunnar vel llum hlutum.

Word		POS	Form			Dict. form	Meaning		Cognate			

br		verb	pres. 3p. sg.		ba		prepares	-
skrautligt	adj.	acc. sg. neut.		skrautligr	decorated	-
hlt		verb	pret. 3p. sg.		halda		headed		(held)
ok		adv.	-			ok		also		-
fegar		noun	nom. pl. masc.		fegar		father and son	(father)
buu		verb	pret. ep. pl.		bja		offered		-
nafnar		noun	nom. pl. masc.		nafni		namesakes	(name)
lag		noun	acc. sg. neut.		lag		fellowship	(lay)
lkir		adj.	nom. pl. masc.		lkr		alike		(a)like
vrit		noun	acc. sg. neut. art.	vr		spring		-
rsk		verb	pret. 3p. sg. mv.	ra(sk)	decided (to go)	-
sigldu		verb	pret. 3p. pl.		sigla		sailed		sailed
tla		verb	pres. 3p. pl.		tla		intend*		-
bau		verb	pret. 3p. sg.		bja		**		-
t		adv.	-			t		**		out
frtti		verb.	pret. 3p. sg.		frtta		heard about	-
kvmu		noun	acc. sg. fem.		kvma		coming		coming
tk vi		ph. vb.	pret. 3p. sg.		taka vi	received	(take with)
vegliga		adv.	-			vegliga		with honour	(way-ly)
frtti eptir	ph. vb.	pret. 3p. sg.		frtta eptir	inquired	-
s		verb	pret. 3p. pl. subj.	vera		would be	-
kanna		verb	infinitive		kanna		explore		-
va		adv.	-			va		widely		wide
tignai		verb	pret. 3p. sg.		tigna		honoured	-
forkunnar	noun	gen. sg. fem.		forkunn		exceedingly ***	-
hlutum		noun	dat. pl. masc.		hlutr		respects	-
* Note the fluctuation in tense; this is typical of Icelandic literature.

** The phrasal verb "bja t" means "call together".

*** Serves as an adverb.


d)

En er eir hfu ar verit nokkura hr, unnu eir mrg strvirki me vitrligum rum ok miklum rskleika ok studdu strliga vel rki Grikkja konungs. En er konungr s, at eir vru sterkari en vel flestir arir landsmenn, virir hann llu framar ok lagi mikla viring ok geri sna jnustumenn ok gaf eim mestan mla allra sinna manna. Sv er sagt, at ar af gerisk fyrst Normanna smi t Miklagari.



Word		POS	Form			Dict. form	Meaning		Cognate	

unnu		verb	pret. 3p. pl.		vinna		worked		won
str-virki	noun	acc. pl. neut.		strvirki	great works	(work)
vitr-ligum	adj.	dat. pl. neut.		vitrligr	wise(ly)	wise
rum		noun	dat. pl. neut.		r		measures	-
rsk-leika	noun	dat. sg. masc.		rskleiki	vigour		(rash)
studdu		verb	pret. 3p. pl.		styja		supported	-
sterkari	adj.	nom. pl. masc. comp.	sterkr		strong		stark
virir		verb	pres. 3p. sg.		vira		respects	worth
jnustu-menn	noun	acc. pl. masc.		jnustumar	servants	(thane)
mla		noun	acc. sg. masc.		mli		soldiers' pay	-
gerisk		verb	pret. 3p. sg. mv.	gera(sk)	began		-
smi		noun	nom. sg. masc.		smi		honour*		-
Mikla-gari	noun	dat. sg. masc.		Mikligarr	Constantinopel	-

* Old Icelandic has many words with some differences in meaning that all get translated into English as "honour".