Old Norse -> Solutions -> Lesson 6

Solutions to Lesson Six

by Haukur orgeirsson 2001

3.1 Translate the text into English

Noregi eru margir vgar, sumir djpir, sumir langir. Norskir vkingar sigla vgana, lngum btum. vgunum eru ok oft hlmar. hlmunum vega vkingarnir menn. ar eru ok haugar, ar er illir draugar ba. Draugarnir eru oft reiir, ok hata alla menn.
In Norway there are many bays, some deep, some long. Norse vikings sail into the bays in long boats. In the bays there are also often islets. In the islets vikings kill people. There are also mounds there, where evil ghosts dwell. The ghosts are often angry and hate all people.
Noregi eru ok skgar vir, vangar heiir ok forsar breiir. skgunum ba gir lfar, en ok illir vargar. Menn er ganga skga eru oft hrddir, v at vargarnir vilja vega ok eta. Ef vargar finna menn skgunum, eru menninir feigir. vngunum eru hestar, er eta ar ok lifa vel. forsunum er falla eru margir fiskar, er menn veia.
In Norway there are also wide woods, clear meadows and broad waterfalls. In the forests good elves dwell, but also evil wolves. People who walk into forests are often afraid because the wolves want to kill them and eat them. If wolves find people in the forests the people are as good as dead. In the meadows there are horses who eat there and live well. In the waterfalls that fall there are many fish, that people fish.
Dvergar eru ar ok, er hafa gyllta bauga. Dvergarnir vilja eigi gefa mnnum baugana.
There are also dwarves there, who have golden rings. The dwarves do not want to give their rings to people.
ar Noregi ba margir menn. Sumir eru jarlar mjk rkir, sumir vkingar sterkir. Fir eru konungar, fir eru illir ok fir ragir. Sumir menn eru spakir mjk, ok mla vel. Spakir kenna marga heima ok marga menn.
In Norway many people live. Some of them are are very powerful earls, some are strong vikings. Few are kings, few are evil and few cowardly. Some people are very wise and speak well. Those that are wise know many worlds and many people.
Fiskr er norskum mnnum ("for Norwegian men") gr matr. eir fara vgana ok forsana ok veia fisk. Sv elda eir fiskinn eldi, er brennr. Mean eir elda hann, mla eir ok hlja. Ostr er ok gr matr, ok eta menninir ok ost me fiskinum. Gir menn gefa svngum ost ok fisk at eta. Svangir eta allan mat, er gir gefa eim.
Fish is good food for Norwegian people. They go into the coves and the waterfalls and catch fish. Then they cook the fish in fire that burns. While they cook it they speak and laugh. Cheese is also good food and the people also eat cheese along with the fish. Good people give those that are hungry cheese and fish to eat. Those that are hungry eat all food that good people give them.
Ragnarr er jarl spakr. Hann kennir Austrveg, heim mjk stran. Austrvegi eru margir garar, vir skgar ok vargar mjk illir. Garr Austrvegi heitir Hlmgarr. Fir garar eru sv strir, sem Hlmgarr er. Noregi eru eigi garar sv strir. Hlmgar sigla vkingar er vilja vera rkir. v at Hlmgari eru margir rkir.
Ragnarr is a wise earl. He knows Eastway, a big world. In Eastway there are many city-states, wide forests and very evil wolves. A city-state in Eastway is called Hlmgarr. Few city-states are as big as Hlmgarr. In Norway there are not so big cities. Vikings who want to be rich sail to Hlmgarr because in Hlmgarr many are rich.