baNAna reVERSE reTURN geOgraphy corRECT parTICular arRANGE aMERikaThe important point to remember is that Icelandic words always have their stress on the FIRST syllable, while English words can be stressed on any syllable.
BAnana REverse REturn GEOgraphy CORrect PARticular ARrange AmericaIn the following table, note how we mark stress - with the stress mark (') IN FRONT of the stressed syllable:
The lax and tense vowels and diphthongs we have learnt so far are STRONG vowels, occurring in STRESSED syllables. In UNSTRESSED syllables we USUALLY (but not always) find WEAK vowels.
Weak vowels: SCHWA, KIT, FOOT - , ,
The main weak vowel in English is . This vowels is ALWAYS WEAK and NEVER STRESSED. Since there are usually more unstressed than stressed syllables in connected speech, is by far the most common vowel in English. If you check out the chart of vowel frequencies you will see that has a frequency of 10.47 - more than one in every 10 phonemes in English is schwa!
The next most common vowel is KIT . KIT is strong when it is a stressed vowel, and weak when unstressed. If you look back at the table above you will see that occurs in unstressed vowels in reverse, return, and America.
The third weak vowel is unstressed FOOT . For the moment, it's enough to remember that it's not very common. You will find it in the table above in the word particular.
Finally, look at the endings -ent, -ant, -ence and -ance:
-But in many Norther British acents, in American and Australia, these two words sound the same:
You will need to check your dictionary to see whether a word has weak vowels in it or not. Sometimes normal strong vowels are used even in untressed syllables:
|- but ...|
But we show them without the length mark because they are still short and weak:
The KIT vowel sounds more like FLEECE - but shorter
The FOOT vowel sounds more like GOOSE - but shorter
is tensed tohappy , party react
is tensed toinfluenza to ask
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