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Overview of keywords and symbols

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Overview of keywords and symbols

Lax Vowels

KEYWORD   IPA
Symbol    
SAMPA
keyboard symbol
KIT pit women  ink myth busy I
DRESS pet send length red head said any many e
TRAP pat sand bad hang shall narrow palid Annie {
STRUT cut fun sun son rush love brother blood country
see note on STRUT
V
LOT hot cot gone bother what yacht
In American English these are PALM words
Q
(CLOTH) frog dog across soft cost sorry horrible 
In British English these are LOT words;
in American English they are THOUGHT words.
(use LOT or THOUGHT)
FOOT put bush butcher book could would bull
see note on FOOT
U
"SCHWA" comma protect perhaps teacher tutor beggar @
HappY or
Tensed KIT
Happy, party, lady, react, Croatia, Australian i

Tense Vowels (including diphthongs)

KEYWORD   IPA
Symbol    
SAMPA
keyboard symbol
FLEECE sea seed seen seat piece police i:
PALM calm father Java;
card farmer heart
A:
BATH path grass glass last dance can't after laugh
In British English these are PALM words;
in American English they are TRAP words.

- See the pages on British and American vowels and
Summary
(PALM or TRAP)
THOUGHT law all walk caught bought; lore corn war warm
In American English these are often PALM words (see LOT above).*
o:
GOOSE tooth moon move who blue rude duke cute
See note on FOOT
u:
NURSE hurt turn stir jerk heard earl work word 3:

* More on LOT PALM and THOUGHT in American and British pronunction

Diphthongs

KEYWORD   IPA
Symbol    
SAMPA
keyboard symbol
FACE may made main they obey weight café bouquet
See note on FACE
eI
PRICE try tie tide sign sight height buy deny aI
CHOICE toy annoy oyster noise voice moist oI
MOUTH now loud gown shout aU
GOAT go stone rode road  boat @U
NEAR here beer ear fear  fierce weird
See note on
NEAR
I@
SQUARE there bare bear air pair vary Mary area Sarah
See note on
SQUARE
e@
CURE pure obscure sure tour
See note on
CURE
U@

CONSONANTS

  IPA
Symbol
SAMPA
keyboard symbol
pay play pray paper pepper hope top spy inspire
bay blaim break labour babe rob robbed b
tie try write writer letter foot stare restore fast hoped crashed
day drain wide wider fading madder made cried rubbed lived d
cave crave key ski escape climb make stock account quite acquire k
gave grave glove get leg dog rogue lugger tiger  g
fish ferry force few photograph life safe belief laugh enough
vicious very vowel view river oven never live save believe wives television v
thank thought therapy athletics Matthew both bath
See note on
THETA

T ( þ) 
these that those they there their D (ð)
see scene recieve stay spy sky spry bus face base use (noun) house chance hats hooks ropes Jack's  s
zero zink buzz phase wise razor teaser use (verb) days trees rooms cabs dogs John's houses z
she shoe shout schwa fish wash Russia fashion nation ration official racial S
 decision leisure pleasure erasure usual Z
 cherry Chaplin much watch matches creature nature tS
 Jerry jump Jew German rage large major grudge bridge injure dZ
heal hit Henry hat heart hot hawk hook hoot hue ahead behind h
merry hammer Homer beam lamb m
nice new manner manor finer lean sign n
sing ring wrong song N
lip pill please hollow milk l
rain hurry carry pray scream r
yes youth beyond _union _use Europe c_ure h_uman f_ew j
wink way beware won _one _once w
Two additional symbols:    
network  (Glottal Stop) ?
loch (Scottish) X

  SPECIAL SYMBOLS ON THE PLAIN KEYBOARD
sentence stress   '
unvoiced consonant   _l _r _w
dark l l-

 

Notes


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If you have any questions mail me at peturk@hi.is.