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Glottalization or Glottalling?

(This is a provisional posting!)

Glottalization is the ADDITION of the glottal stop before (or simultaneously with) a frortis plosive ptk or the fortis affricate tsh. Wells also calls it Glottal Reinforcement, which is a better name. It occurs in word-final positions and in syllable-final clusters where ptk is followed by another consonant.
Examples:  match m?tsh, rapture r?ptsh@, foot-rest fU?trest, text te?kst, clockwork klo?kw@:k, what wo?t, etc.
Wells says "the precise details .... are intricate and variable" (p. 260) which means that this is another messy variable (in spite of the mathematical-like formulae we use to expresss linguistic variables we must never forget that language is not mathematics: language always bends.

Glottaling is the REPLACEMENT of t (more rarely p and k) by a glottal stop. If you like it is the next stage to glottalization, with the orignal stop disappearing. And so as far as t is concerned it happens in the same places: foot-rest fU?rest, bottle bo?.l, meet me mi:?mi, what wo?, that ?.
It also occurs intervocalically following a stressed syllable (where glottalization is less likely to occur): Peter, meeting, waiter, fatter, Britain (pi:?@ mi:?IN wei?@ f?@ bri?@n)

Glottaling of p and k (supper, ticket) is not so common, occuring sporadically in Cockney and other SE urban dialects.

 


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If you have any questions mail me at peturk@hi.is.