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TRAP-BATH Split

A Southern English variable. bath words are those which are pronounced as palm words in
th south of England (including London and RP), but as trap words elsewhere.

 
S.England

+

N.England

-

America

-

 Historically, this split began with a lengthened vowel before fortis fricatives:
bath Lengthening, followed by
bath Broadening (Wells 4.4.3)

Thus in some English accents where Lengthening but not Broadening has gone through,
there is only a length distinction:

Examples:

bath trap Split from the Greater London area;
fancy with the trap vowel; nasty with the bath vowel
 -
in context

No split from Leicestershire: "people having a laugh" with trap


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