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   ENS 101 G

 
How Language Works:  Sound and Word
Eđli tungumálsins I : hljóđ og orđ
Pétur Knútsson, Autumn 2010
     

Schedule for first 6 weeks

  • Note: slides, quizzes and other material are posted in Moodle.
  • Videos of lectures are posted in Ugla

Go to week   2    3   4    5   6        Shows topic headings for the week

Week 1
31 Aug
2010

Which English?
Sentences, phrases, words, sounds

Support web pages:
RP or GA?
L1 and L2

 
Slide shows used in this lesson:
Introductory slide: What type of English? British type, American type, and International. L1 and  L2 .
Slide: Slicing language: how thin can we slice?

Exercises:

No exercises will be set for the first week.

Reading in LPD:
  • Key to phonetic symbols

  • Spelling pronunciation

  • Syllables
Week 2
7 Sep

Vowels I. Use of Pronunciation Dictionaries.

Slide shows used in this lesson:
Slide: Vowels, consonants, and syllable.

Vowel space
Vowel Space (summary: look at this if you are still unsure about the concept of vowel space)
English vowels
British and American vowels

Support web pages:
VOWELS
LAX VOWELS

TENSE VOWELS
DIPHTHONGS  
British and American vowels: summary
 

Exercises:
LPD Self Study Lab:
Spelling-to-sound
excercises 2-16 and 23-28
See note here
Reading in LPD:
  • Short vowel, long vowel
  • Diphthongs
  • Clipping

 

Wee 3
14 Sep

Consonants. Voicing.

Slide show used in this lesson:
Consonants

Support web pages:
CONSONANTS 
PLOSIVES (STOPS)
Voicing (fortis & lenis)
Fricatives and affricates
Sibilants
s/z and inflections
Nasals
Bilabial approximant
w and wh

Exercises:
LPD Self Study Lab:
Spelling-to-sound
excercises 17-22 and 29-36
See note here
Reading in LPD:
  • Articulation

  • Aspiration

  • Plosive releases

  • Voiced and voiceless

  • Clipping

  • Affricates

  • Double consonant letters

  • Double consonant sounds

  • Glottal stop

  • Liquids

  • Syllabic consonants

  • T-voicing

  • Hard attack

Week 4
21 Sep

Phonemes and spelling.
Allophones of /l/
R and R Liaison

Support web pages:
PHONEMES
Minimal pairs
The lateral: l
Light l followed by a vowel or [j]
Unvoiced l following p or k
Dark l when no vowel follows
Approximants
Postalveolar approximant: r
Prevocalic r
Rhotic and non-rhotic accents
Linking r
Unvoiced r following p t or k
Glides: j, w (
and r again)

Slide shows used in this lesson:
Rúnar's posting on using LPD on a Mac (extra!)
Phonemes and allophones

R

Exercises:
Continue with LPD Self Study Lab: see index to exercises in LPD

 
Reading in LPD:
  • Phoneme and allophone

  • Neutralization

  • R-liaison

Week 5
28 Sep

Vowels II.
  Vowel length
 
Weak and strong vowels

Support web pages for sentence stress:
Sentence Stress
Isochrony
Weak & strong vowels again
Placement of sentence stress

Slide shows used in this lesson:
More on allophones

Vowel length, fortis and lenis consonants
Stress: Strong and weak vowels
Extra screen capture on how to read variables

Exercises:

 

 

Reading in LPD:
  • Stress 

  • Stress shift

  • Clipping

  • Weak vowels 

Week 6
5 Oct

Word stress and sentence stress
        and their effects on vowels
Weak forms of function words.
Which English again?

Slide shows used in this lesson
Sentence stresses
Weak Forms

3,000,000,000,000,000,000


Exercises:
Make sure you're getting good marks on the moodle quizzes ! Be careful to look up the words in your pronunciation dictionary.

Reading in LPD:

  • Weak forms

Week 7
11-15 Oct
Reading week


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