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   ENS 101 G

How Language Works:  Sound and Word
Eđli tungumálsins I : hljóđ og orđ
Pétur Knútsson, Autumn 2010

Schedule for first 6 weeks

  • Note: slides, quizzes and other material are posted in Moodle.
  • Videos of lectures are posted in Ugla

Go to week   2    3   4    5   6        Shows topic headings for the week

Week 1
31 Aug

Which English?
Sentences, phrases, words, sounds

Support web pages:
RP or GA?
L1 and L2

Slide shows used in this lesson:
Introductory slide: What type of English? British type, American type, and International. L1 and  L2 .
Slide: Slicing language: how thin can we slice?


No exercises will be set for the first week.

Reading in LPD:
  • Key to phonetic symbols

  • Spelling pronunciation

  • Syllables
Week 2
7 Sep

Vowels I. Use of Pronunciation Dictionaries.

Slide shows used in this lesson:
Slide: Vowels, consonants, and syllable.

Vowel space
Vowel Space (summary: look at this if you are still unsure about the concept of vowel space)
English vowels
British and American vowels

Support web pages:

British and American vowels: summary

LPD Self Study Lab:
excercises 2-16 and 23-28
See note here
Reading in LPD:
  • Short vowel, long vowel
  • Diphthongs
  • Clipping


Wee 3
14 Sep

Consonants. Voicing.

Slide show used in this lesson:

Support web pages:
Voicing (fortis & lenis)
Fricatives and affricates
s/z and inflections
Bilabial approximant
w and wh

LPD Self Study Lab:
excercises 17-22 and 29-36
See note here
Reading in LPD:
  • Articulation

  • Aspiration

  • Plosive releases

  • Voiced and voiceless

  • Clipping

  • Affricates

  • Double consonant letters

  • Double consonant sounds

  • Glottal stop

  • Liquids

  • Syllabic consonants

  • T-voicing

  • Hard attack

Week 4
21 Sep

Phonemes and spelling.
Allophones of /l/
R and R Liaison

Support web pages:
Minimal pairs
The lateral: l
Light l followed by a vowel or [j]
Unvoiced l following p or k
Dark l when no vowel follows
Postalveolar approximant: r
Prevocalic r
Rhotic and non-rhotic accents
Linking r
Unvoiced r following p t or k
Glides: j, w (
and r again)

Slide shows used in this lesson:
Rúnar's posting on using LPD on a Mac (extra!)
Phonemes and allophones


Continue with LPD Self Study Lab: see index to exercises in LPD

Reading in LPD:
  • Phoneme and allophone

  • Neutralization

  • R-liaison

Week 5
28 Sep

Vowels II.
  Vowel length
Weak and strong vowels

Support web pages for sentence stress:
Sentence Stress
Weak & strong vowels again
Placement of sentence stress

Slide shows used in this lesson:
More on allophones

Vowel length, fortis and lenis consonants
Stress: Strong and weak vowels
Extra screen capture on how to read variables




Reading in LPD:
  • Stress 

  • Stress shift

  • Clipping

  • Weak vowels 

Week 6
5 Oct

Word stress and sentence stress
        and their effects on vowels
Weak forms of function words.
Which English again?

Slide shows used in this lesson
Sentence stresses
Weak Forms


Make sure you're getting good marks on the moodle quizzes ! Be careful to look up the words in your pronunciation dictionary.

Reading in LPD:

  • Weak forms

Week 7
11-15 Oct
Reading week

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