Siguršur Reynir Gķslason

Position

I am a research professor at the University of Iceland's Institute of Earth Sciences, where I and my PhD students study water/rock, water/gas and water/biomass interactions by field and laboratory experiments.  Currently I serve on the board of directors of the European Association of Geochemistry and will become the vice president 1 January 2017.  I am the chairman of the Scientific Steering Committee of CarbFix, an international initiative to store carbon in basaltic rocks (carbfix.com). I was named International Association of Geochemistry (IAGC) Fellow for 2016,  - bestowed to a scientist who has made significant contributions to the field of geochemistry.

Professional Accomplishments

My main scientific contributions are 1) measuring the chemical and physical erosion rates of basaltic terrains and their role in the global carbon cycle, 2) quantifying the carbon storage potential of basaltic rocks, 3) measurement of the dissolution rates and dissolution mechanisms of volcanic glasses and minerals as a function of glass composition, aqueous solution composition and temperature and 4) assessing the environmental pressure from volcanic eruptions.

I have published over 100 scientific articles in peer-reviewed international scientific journals.  These articles had been cited 6163 times according to Google Scholar 14 October 2016.

8 key publications

  • Matter JM, M Stute, SÓ Snæbjörnsdottir, EH Oelkers, SR Gislason, E Aradottir, B. Sigfusson, I Gunnarsson, H.  Sigurdardottir, E. Gunnlaugsson, G Axelsson, HA Alfredsson, D Wolff-Boenisch, K Mesfin, DFR Taya, J Hall, K Dideriksen, WS Broecker (2016). Rapid carbon mineralization for permanent and safe disposal of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions.  Science 352 (6291), 1312-1314.
  • Gíslason S.R., G. Stefánsdóttir, M.A. Pfeffer, S. Barsotti, Th. Jóhannsson, I. Galeczka, E. Bali, O. Sigmarsson, A. Stefánsson, N.S. Keller, Á. Sigurdsson, B. Bergsson, B. Galle, V.C. Jacobo, S. Arellano, A. Aiupp, E.B. Jónasdóttir, E.S. Eiríksdóttir, S. Jakobsson, G.H. Guðfinnsson, S.A. Halldórsson, H. Gunnarsson, B. Haddadi, I. Jónsdóttir, Th. Thordarson, M. Riishuus, Th. Högnadóttir, T. Dürig, G.B.M. Pedersen, Á. Höskuldsson, M.T. Gudmundsson (2015).Environmental pressure from the 2014–15 eruption of Bárðarbunga volcano, Iceland. Geochemical Perspectives Letters (2015) 1, 84-93. Cited: 6 times

  • Gislason SR and Oelkers EH (2014).  Carbon Storage in Basalt. Science 344, 373-374. Cited: 42 times
  • Gislason, S.R.,T. Hassenkam, S. Nedel, N. Bovet, E. S. Eiriksdottir, H. A. Alfredsson, C. P. Hem, Z. I. Balogh, K. Dideriksen, N. Oskarsson, B. Sigfusson, G. Larsen, and S. L. S. Stipp (2011).  Characterization of Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash particles and a protocol for rapid risk assessment. PNAS 108, 7307-7312. Cited: 130 times.

  • Gislason, Wolff-Boenisch, Stefansson, Oelkers, Gunnlaugsson , Sigurdardottir , Sigfusson , Broecker, Matter, Stute, Axelsson, Fridriksson (2010).  Mineral sequestration of carbon dioxide in basalt: A pre-injection overview of the CarbFix project.  International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 4, 537–545. Cited: 152 times.

  • Gislason S.R., Oelkers E.H., Eiriksdottir E.S., Kardjilov M.I., Gisladottir G., Sigfusson B., Snorrason A., Elefsen S.O., Hardardottir J., Torssander P.,  Oskarsson N. (2009). Direct evidence of the feedback between climate and weathering. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 277, 213–222. Cited: 143 times.

  • Gislason, S. R. and Oelkers, H. E. (2003). Mechanism, rates and consequences of basaltic glass dissolution: II. An experimental study of the dissolution rates of basaltic glass as a function of pH and temperature. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67, 3817-3832. Cited: 225 times.

  • Gislason, S. R., Arnórsson, S., and Ármannsson, H. (1996). Chemical weathering of basalt in SW Iceland: Effects of runoff, age of rocks and vegetative/glacial cover. American Journal of Science, 296, pp. 837-907. Cited: 266 time.

Current Grants

  • FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN- 317235- CO2-REACT- Geologic Carbon Storage: 203,869.
  • EUR11029-NORDICCS: 2,136,000. NOK
  • 675219 – METAL-AID – ITN-2015

PhD Student Graduating Last Three Years

  • Eydís Salome Eiríksdóttir, PhD 2016
  • Helgi A. Alfreðsson, PhD 2015
  • Jonas Olsson, PhD, 2014
  • Snorri Guðbrandsson, PhD 2013
  • Iwona M. Galeczka, PhD 2013

Nationality
Icelandic, born 9th of October 1957



Employment History

October 1985 to present

Research Scientist and later Research Professor

University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland


Education

May 1980  Geology

BSc

University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland

September 1985 Geochemistry

PhD

The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA



Nordic and International collaboration

NORDICCS http://www.sintef.no/Projectweb/NORDICCS/

CO2-react http://www.see.leeds.ac.uk/co2react/index.htm

CarbFix http://www.or.is/en/projects/carbfix

Mettrans  http://www.mettrans-itn.eu/

Metal-Aid. Coordinated at the University of Copenhagen. The 11 partners from Denmark, Germany, Iceland, Spain and the United Kingdom will train 14 young researchers in developing new methods for remediating contaminated soil and groundwater