Fabric, Recrystallization and Deformation
Hexagonal ice, Ih, which is the building material of all ice sheets on Earth has an extreme plastic anisotropy. Plastic deformation by dislocation glide in the basal plane is 60-100 times easier than glide on the prismatic or pyramidal slip systems. For this reason one can (very crudely) view the deformation of ice crystals as a deck of cards. Intracrystalline slip leads to non-random orientation of the c-axes in ice, fabric development.
Velocity gradient of single crystals deforming by glide on the basal plane.
I have developed a model for the fabric evolution in materials. The new features are explicit accounting of Nearest Neighbor Interaction, and inclusion of dynamic recrystallization, formulated in terms of dislocation density and grain size.
For most polycrystalline materials, there are at least 3 recrystallization regimes:
The fabric (crystal orientation pattern) is not affected by normal grain growth. During normal grain growth the mean crystal size increases with time according to a parabolic growth law.
As the grains strain, sub-boundaries (dislocation walls) may form due to heterogeneous deformation within grains that relieves stress concentrations. The formation of sub-boundaries can lead to the division of the parent grain into two new grains, as the misorientation of sub-grains increases. This is called polygonization, and it leads to the formation of two grains with a small misorientation angle.
Migration recrystallization is the formation of new strain free crystals, by rapid grain boundary migration.
Abstract for AGU Fall Meeting 2001
Stefnuhneig, umkrist÷llun og afl÷gun
═s sem myndast nßtt˙rulega ß j÷rinni er af gerinn Ýs Ih. FŠrsla ferilveilna ß grunnplani (basal plane) er 60 - 100 sinnum auveldari en ß ÷rum pl÷num (prismatic og pyramidal slip systems). Ůess vegna mß, Ý grˇfri nßlgun, lÝta ß staka Ýskristalla sem spilastokk ■egar kemur a afl÷gun. Afl÷gun kristalla ß ■ennan hßtt, me fŠrslu ferilveilna, myndar stefnuhneig ■annig a uppr÷un c-ßsanna verur ekki lengur einsleit.
Ůinur sem lřsir stigli ß hraa afl÷gunar fyrir staka kristalla sem aflagast eing÷ngu vegna fŠrslu ferilveilna ß grunnplani.
Ůr÷stur hefur ■rˇa lÝkan sem lřsir ■rˇun stefnuhneigar, sem tekur tillit til nßgranna kristalla og umkrist÷llunar, me ■vÝ a reikna ■Úttleika ferilveilna og taka tillit til stŠrar kristalla.