Old Norse -> Solutions -> Lesson 4

Solutions to Lesson Four

by skar Gulaugsson 2001

3.1 Translate the phrases into English

Svartr gefr Kormki fiska. er Kormkr glar.
Swart gives Cormack the fish. Then Cormack is happy.
Menninir foera eim gan mat.
The men bring them good food.
"Vit foerum gum manni ost."
"We bring cheese to a good man."
Svartr spyrr, "Hv gefr mr eigi ost, Kormkr?"
Swart asks, "Why do you not give me cheese, Cormack?"
Kormkr svarar, "Ek gef r eigi ost, v at ek hefi hann eigi."
Cormack replies, "I do not give you cheese, for I do not have it."
Kormkr etr allan ostinn en gefr Svarti hann eigi.
Cormack eats all the cheese but does not give it to Swart
Konungrinn foerir Normnnunum knfa ok geira.
The king brings knives and spears to the Norwegians
gefa Normenninir hnum langan bt ok gylltan baug.
Then the Norwegians give him a long boat and a golden ring.
Marinn gefr hnum hatt gan.
The man gives him a good hat.

3.2 Translate the phrases into Old Norse

Then they give a golden ring to an evil king.
gefa eir illum konungi gylltan baug.
The dwarves bring the king a golden ring.
Dvergarnir foera konunginum gylltan baug.
The king says "You are good dwarves."
Konungrinn segir, "r eru gir dvergar."
The king takes the ring and gives the dwarves a big cheese.
Konungrinn tekr bauginn ok gefr dvergunum stran ost.
The dwarves don't want any cheese, but they take it and go.
Dvergarnir vilja eigi ost, en eir taka hann ok fara.
"Why do I give them cheese which they don't eat?" King Olaf asks the ghost.
"Hv gef ek eim ost er eir eta eigi?" spyrr lfr konungr drauginn.
The ghost replies "Olaf, you're a good man. But do not give cheese to dwarves."
Draugrinn svarar, "lfr, ert gr mar. En gef eigi dvergum ost."

3.3 Translate the text into English

lfr gefr Svarti hatt, knf ok hest gan. Hann segir, "Far n, Svartr, ok finn bauginn er dvergarnir Fjalarr ok Gandlfr hafa." Svartr svarar, "En lfr, hv gefr mr eigi mat? Ek em svangr ok vil mat eta." lfr gefr hnum ost, graut, ok fisk ok segir, "Hr hefir mat. Far n ok finn bauginn."
Svartr etr matinn er lfr gefr hnum. Hann segir, "grautrinn er gefr mr er gr, lfr. ert gr konungr."
Svartr ferr n ok finnr dvergana er hafa bauginn. Hann segir, "Dvergar, gefi mr bauginn. lfr konungr vill hann." Dvergarnir svara, "Vit viljum eigi gefa lfi konungi bauginn. Hann er illr konungr." Svartr er reir ok segir, "Gefi mr bauginn ea ek veg ykkr!" Dvergarnir eru eigi hraeddir. eir hlaeja ok Fjalarr segir, " ert ragr mar, Svartr. vegr okkr Gandlf eigi. Vit gefum ykkr lfi eigi bauginn, ok far n!" Svartr hefir eigi brand. Hann hefir knf, en knfrinn er eigi strr. Hann vegr eigi dvergana ok foerir lfi eigi bauginn.
Olaf gives Swart a hat, a knife and a good horse. He says "Go now, Swart, and find the ring which the dwarves Fjalar and Gandalf have." Swart replies, "But Olaf, why don't you give me some food? I'm hungry and I want to eat some food." Olaf gives him cheese, porridge, and fish and says "Here you have some food. Now go and find the ring."
Swart eats the food that Olaf gives to him. He says "The porridge that you give to me is good, Olaf. You are a good king."
Swart now goes and finds the dwarves who have the ring. He says, "Dwarves, give me the ring. King Olaf wants it." The dwarves answer "We don't want to give Olaf the ring. He's an evil king." Swart is angry and says "Give me the ring or I will slay you!" The dwarves are not afraid. They laugh and Fjalar says "You are a cowardly man, Swart. You won't kill me and Gandalf. We won't give the ring to you and Olaf, and leave now!" Swart doesn't have a sword. He has a knife, but the knife isn't big. He won't defeat the dwarves and doesn't bring Olaf the ring.

3.4 Translate the text into Old Norse

Eric, a thief, sees some men eat. They eat good porridge, many fish, and a big cheese. Eric wants the food, for he is hungry. He says "Hail, I am hungry. Will you (use "r") give some good food to a hungry man?" They reply "Take some food. We give it to you. But the elves are hungry too. Take some porridge and give it to them. Eric finds some elves. He brings hungry elves food, for he is a good man.
Eirkr, jfr, sr menn eta. eir eta gan graut, marga fiska, ok stran ost. Eirkr vill matinn, v at hann er svangr. Hann segir, "Heilir, ek em svangr. Hvrt gefi r svngum manni mat?" eir svara, "Tak mat. Vr gefum r hann. En lfarnir eru ok svangir. Tak grautinn ok gef eim hann. Eirkr finnr lfa. Hann foerir svngum lfum mat, v at hann er gr mar.