Old Norse -> Solutions -> Lesson 9

Solutions to Lesson Nine

by skar Gulaugsson and Haukur orgeirsson 2003

3.1 Translate the phrases into English

"Sumir yvar fara aldregi heim til Noregs."
Some of you will never go back to Norway.
"Veizt eigi, hvrt menninir skulu sigla brott?"
Do you not know, whether the men will sail away?
"Eigi veit ek, hverir mannanna skulu sigla."
I do not know, who of the men will sail.
"Kristr heitir drottinn s, er verndar oss."
The Lord, who protects us, is called Christ.
"Ek veit annan, er verndar oss hamri gegn illum jtnum."
I know of another one, who protects us with a hammer against evil giants.
"Hvrt mun s rr heita, ok hamarrinn Mjlnir?"
Is he called Thor, and the hammer Mjolner?
"Eigi hefir s Kristr slkan hamar er Mjlnir er."
That Christ has no hammer like Mjolner.
"Kristr hefir eigi hamra ea branda, v at hann er gr ok vegr eigi menn n jtna."
Christ does not have hammers or swords, for he is good and kills neither men nor giants.

3.2 Translate the phrases into Old Norse

There are many villains among Olaf's friends.
at eru margir ningar meal vina lfs.
"That viking is such a villain, that he never spares good men."
"S vkingr er slkr ningr, at hann gefr gum mnnum aldregi gri."
"Thor's might is in the hammer."
"Mttr rs er hamrinum."
"Do you know, slave, whence they come, who they are, and what they call themselves?"
"Hvrt veist , rll, hvaan eir koma, hverir eir eru, ok hvat eir kalla sik?"
"They come from Westway, and are Irish men. They call themselves free."
"eir koma r Vestrvegi, ok eru rskir menn. eir kalla sik frjlsa."
"No good men come from there. Take the sword and bring them to me."
"Engir gir menn koma aan. Tak brandinn ok foer mr ."
"Some of you are thieves, who take horses. Who are they?"
"Sumir yvar eru jfar, er taka hesta. Hverir eru eir?"
"Those who know, shall bring me the thieves."
"eir er vita, skulu foera mr jfana."
"The thieves must give in. If they do not do so, I will kill you all."
"jfarnir skulu gefa sik. Ef eir gra at eigi, mun ek vega yr alla."

3.3 Translate the text into English

Oddr segir vi Ragnar jarl, "Seg mr, jarl, af heiminum, af jtnum ok sum." Ragnarr svarar, "at skal ek, Oddr." " heimi stendr askr strr er vr kllum Ask Yggdrasils. Vi askinn eru heimar eir er heita Migarr, ar er vr bm; tgarr, ar er jtnar ba, en hann heitir ok Jtunheimr; ok sgarr, ar er sir ba. Undir askinum ba dvergar, er sma bauga ok branda." "Drottin sa kllum vr in, ok er hann ss mjk spakr. Hann hefir hrafna, er heita Huginn ok Muninn, ok fljga eir hrafnar um heimana. at, er hrafnarnir sj, sr ok inn. v er inn ss alvitr. sgari br ok ss s er rr heitir. rr hefir hamarinn Mjlni ok flgr hann oft til Jtunheims ok vegr me hnum jtna. Margir sir ba sgari, ok vernda eir allir mennina ok heiminn, gegn illum jtnum." "Surt veit ek ba Mspellsheimi. S er strr ok illr jtunn elds. heimi eim brenna heitir eldar ok mun Surtr leia aan jtna gegn sum. Hann mun vega si eldi ok brandi eim, er hann hefir. Illr er mjk jtunn s." " Migari bm vr menninir. Um Migar allan veit ek orm hringa sik, er vr kllum Migarsorm. Ormr s er illr. sa-r vill veia ann orm ok vega hann hamrinum." Oddr mlir n, "Kenni ek n marga si. En sumir segja mr af rum, er eir nefna Krist. Hvrt er s meal sa?" Ragnarr svarar, "S er eigi ss, heldr mar. Menn segja hann lkna sjka ok blinda, rsa aftr daur, ok koma af himnum. Margir norroenna manna tra n hnum, en sjlfr veit ek eigi mtt Krists."
Odd says to Earl Ragnar, "Tell me, earl, of the world, of gods and giants." Ragnar replies, "That I shall do, Odd." "There is in the world a great ash tree which we call the Ash of Yggdrasil. By the tree there are the worlds called Midgard, where we live; Utgard, where the giants live, but it is also called Jotunheim; and Asgard, where the Aesir gods live. Under the tree there are dwarves, who craft rings and swords." "Lord of the Aesir we call Odin, and he is a very wise god. He has ravens called Hugin and Munin, and those ravens fly around the worlds. That which the ravens see, Odin also sees. Therefore Odin is an all-knowing god. In Asgard there lives also a god named Thor. Thor has the hammer Mjolner and he flies often to Jotunheim and slays giants with it. Many gods live in Asgard, and they all protect the people and the world against evil giants." "I know of Surt, who lives in Muspellsheim. He is a great and evil fire giant. In that world hot fires burn and Surt will lead giants from there against the gods. He will kill the gods with fire and the sword that he has. That giant is exceedingly evil." "In Midgard we humans dwell. Around all of Midgard I know that a serpent is coiling himself, we call him the Midgard Serpent. That serpent is evil. Thor of the sir wants to catch that serpent and slay him with the hammer." Now Odd speaks, "Now I know many gods. But some tell me of another that they call Christ. Is he among the sir?" Ragnar replies, "That one is not a god but a man. People say he cures the sick and blind, that he rises dead and comes from the sky. Many northern people now have faith in him but I myself do not know the might of Christ."

Fara n Ragnarr ok vkingarnir at leita sr rla meal rskra manna. eir kaupa ar Vestrvegi marga unga sveina af norroenum kaupmnnum, er halda sveinunum rldmi. Kaupmar segir, "Sveinarnir eru sterkir mjk, ok s kaupir vel er velr. Tak , jarl, sveina er ar standa, gef ek r annan til." Ragnarr telr kaupmanninn bja sr vel, ok geldr hnum peningum. Br hann sv rlunum at ganga btana, ok siglir brott.
Now Ragnar and the vikings go to search for slaves for themselves among Irish people. They buy, there in Westway, many young lads from Norse merchants who keep the lads in slavery. A merchant says, "The lads are very strong and he who chooses them makes a good deal. Take, earl, the slaves who stand there and I'll give you one extra." Ragnar considers the merchant to offer a good deal and pays him the money. Then he commands the slaves to walk into the boats and sails away.

Er Svartr ok Kormkr foera viinn heim til jarls, spyrr Svartr Kormk, "Hvrt eru allir rskir menn rlar, sem ert, Kormkr?" Kormkr svarar, "Eigi erum vr allir rlar en mrgum vr halda norroenir menn rldmi."
When Svart and Cormack bring the wood home to the earl Svart asks Cormack: "Are all Irish people slaves, as you are, Cormack?" Cormack replies: "We are not all slaves but Norse people keep many of us in slavery.

3.4 Translate the text into Old Norse

Many (of) Nordic men believe in (the) sir, but not all of them. Some believe in Christ, Lord of Heaven. Irish men do not believe in the sir, but rather in Lord Christ. The King of Norway commands all Norwegian men to call himself King. He also commands them not to have faith in the sir, but rather in Christ. Others, such as (the) earls of Norway, say that Thor will slay Christ himself ("segja r munu vega sjlfan Krist..."), with his hammer, Mjolner. Many of (the) Norwegians believe the earls.
Margir norrnna manna tra su, en eigi allir. Sumir tra Krist, drottin himna. rskir menn tra ekki su heldur drottin Krist. Konungr Noregs br llum norskum mnnum at kalla sjlfan sik konung. Hann br eim ok at tra eigi su heldr Krist. Arir, sem jarlar Noregs, segja r munu vega sjlfan Krist hamri snum Mjlni. Margir Normannanna tra jrlunum.