Pétur Knútsson

The Breca Episode

This is an interlinear version of text of Béowulf, lines 499-606, Halldóra B. Björsson's Bjólfskviða, and a running analysis as described in my Intimations of the third text, where the text is given in Appendix A.
The following text can be copied as a text file and fed to the Profiler at www.hi.is/~peturk/3T/profiler.html

In this text file < >  represents .

[499] Unfer  maelode,       Ecglfes bearn,
[499] fari   tk til ora,   Eggleifsbur, 
, SMB sma sm3 sm1             sma r   sm3
*Un-  - is sma; assuming Klaeber's etymology for Unfer, un-fri, then fer  fari is non-sys, sm3. I have treated 'tk til ora' as a single quantum; minimal reflection (sm1) is due to -lode  -ora. If the phrase is taken as 3 quanta the plots would be sm z m1. For the plot sm3 on bearn  bur, which are 2nd-degree cognates (b), see the discussion on 5\9, page 146. 

[500]  t ftum st   fran Scyldinga,
[500] er a ftum sat   Frey Skjldunga,
,SMA (smc sma) sma r    r    r

[501] onband beadurne -  ws him Bowulfes s,
[501] leysti mlrnir -   lagi  Bjlfs fr,
, SMC sm     s  sma    MC s    (0) sma    m//b
*The two genitives Bowulfes  Bjlfs have different syntactical functions in their respective sentences - this is signalled by the existence of s in a plot which lacks S.

[502] mdges merefaran,   micel funca,
[502] mararlangfer   mikinn okka,
, MB  /ma  z   b      ma     m3 ma

[503] foron e h ne e, t nig er man
[503] v hann unnt gat        ngvum    manni
, SMA (smb r)  /ma  0  MA  (z   mb\\m) a

[504] fre mra on m   middangeardes
[504]      metora meiri   Migarssona 
,     z    smk3 (z)  ma  SMA sma r  0
*metora, gen, s without S. B-line: temporary return to S, the genitives here are Ssma

[505] gehde under heofenum onne h sylfa -:
[505] undir himni hm     en hafi sjlfur -:
,   (/sma) /smb   \1    (smb)  MA 1\\k3 sma
*S failure doesn't resume until after one  en

[506] 'Eart  s Bowulf,   s e wi Brecan wunne,
[506] "Ert  s Bjlfur   er vi Breka reyndi
, SMA (sma r  r) sma      (smc sma) sma sm

[507] on sdne s    ymb sund flite,
[507] um svalan s   sund a reyta,
,   (sm3//a) s1  sma  MA /sma (\0) 2

[508] r git for wlence   wada cunnedon
[508] vejuu fflslega   um vatnskunnttu
, B  /k2//3      m        (z) 3    b   3
*cunnian + gp.wada of wd wadu n sea

[509] ond for dolgilpe   on dop wter
[509] og me dradirfsku    djpum hafs 
,SMA (sm1 smc)  sm1 r     (sm1) a   m

[510] aldrum ndon?   N inc nig mon
[510] aldri httu?   N ykkur neinn
,     sma   sm        (sma r)  smb (z)

[511] n lof n l,   belan mihte
[511] ljfur n leiur   letja mtti,
,   (z) sma (sma) sma    sm3   sma

[512] sorhfullne s,    git on sund ron.
[512] heimskulegrar   hleypifarar.
, MC  0      z    0     \\m C (z)  z

[513] r git agorstram   earmum ehton,
[513] gisrst i reyndu   rmum ndum
,SMB z /sma /sm (smb) //s     sma   kh3

[514] mton merestrta,   mundum brugdon,
[514] og  mararstraum   mundum brugu,
,MB  (0)   ma  m1\\\ma  SMB sma  r

[515] glidon ofer grsecg;   geofon um wol,
[515] runnu t rmsj.    Risu ldur,
, SMC sm   (s1)  sm sm   MC z /m  \m1

[516] wintrys wylmum.   Git on wteres ht
[516] vetrarbrimgarur;    valdi hafrts
,  MB sma   0     SMB (z sma) 2/sm \sm

[517] seofon niht swuncon;   h e t sunde oferflt,
[517] sj ntur svmu.   Hann ig  sundi vann,
, SMA sma sma   s1      (smb sma sm1) sma   sm

[518] hfde mre mgen.    hine on morgentd
[518] hafi meira megin.    a morgni hann
,     sma   r     r    MA (sma /smc) sma (\ma)

[519] on Heao-Rmes   holm up tbr;
[519] a H-Rauma   hafstrnd barst,
,  (smc) sma r       sm1 0    z  ma

[520] onon h geshte   sw sne el,
[520] aan fr hann   til fera ala,
,MC (sma)  /sm (\smb   z)  0     ma

[521] lof his lodum,   lond Brondinga,
[521] ljfra ttmenna    landi Brndunga,
, B   ma   z   m    MB (z) ma   sma
*Sudden lack of M as well as S means that the m of ljfra ttmenna is unsupported. Compare unsupported s in line 501

[522] freooburh fgere, r h flc hte
[522] heimakastala      hvar hetjum ri,
, MC  m    m     z  SMC(smc z) sm  sm

[523] burh ond bagas.   Bot eal wi 
[523] ali og eignum.   Or sn og heit
, SMC sm  (sm1) sm        sm  (0   0) \sm

[524] sunu Banstnes   se gelste.
[524] sonur Beinsteins   sannlega efndi.
,SMA sma   r    r       r        sm

[525] onne wne ic to    wyrsan geingea,
[525]  vnti eg r   verri rauta,
,   (s2) smb (sma z sma)  sma  sm1

[526] ah  heaorsa   gehwr dohte,
[526] tt  harri   yldir mikil,
, MC (smb sma) kx3       /sm    0
*kx3: the algorithm traces back one step from the ptr at 3, and registers x3 and by default also q3. Then it traces back 2 steps (orig line 2022,rem) and adds data for j or k if that precedes, but does not augment q again (added at Tarbert 9. mars 1996)

[527] grimre ge,    gif  Grendles dearst
[527]  grimmri gunni, ef  Grendils dirfist
,SMA(z) sma  r        (sma r) sma     smk4
*dearst  dirfist: no apparent cognation, but H would hardly have checked this.

[528] nihtlongne fyrst   nan bdan.'
[528] nturlangt   nrri ba."
,SMA  ma   r     z smb   sma

[529] Bowulf maelode,   bearn Ecgowes:
[529] Bjlfur ansai,   borinn Eggjfi:

,    sma     sm        smk5  sma sm3
*On bearn  borinn see 499.

[530] 'Hwt,  worn fela,   wine mn Unfer,
[530] "Ofmargt hefir ,   fari vinur,
, SMC  z /m    (0)  (\sma)  /sma /sm3 (z) \sma

[531] bore druncen   ymb Brecan sprce,
[531] bjri drukkinn   um Breka tala,
,SMA sma     r        (sma) sma   m

[532] sgdest from his se!   S ic talige,
[532] sagt fr sfr hans!   Satt eg mli,
, MA  ma  (sma) /sm (\smb) SMA sma (sma) sm

[533] t ic merestrengo   mran hte,
[533] a eg megins meira    mari tti,
,SMB(sma r) MB /mx3 /ma\5 (z) 5\\sma sma
* t  a conj is a; ta prep is also a (different word)

[534] earfeo on um,   onne nig er man.
[534] vi unnar erfii   tek eg llum fram.
, MA (/smc) /ma  \ma      0  (0) m1    0   

[535] Wit t gecwdon   cnihtwesende
[535] Vi a sgum    sveinaaldri
,SMC (sma r) sm       (z) m     m

[536] ond gebotedon    - wron bgen  git
[536] og bundum heitum   - mean bir vrum
,SMA (sm1) s2   m        (/sm)   smb   \sma

[537] on geogofore -   t wit on grsecg t
[537]  skufjri -       fnu hafi
,SMC(smc) sm sma   MC (z z) /1 \sm

[538] aldrum ndon,   ond t gefndon sw.
[538] aldri a htta,   og a efndum vi.
, MA sma  (z) sm   SMA (sm1 sma) r    0 

[539] Hfdon swurd nacod,    wit on sund ron,
[539] Hfum sver nakin,   er vi  s runnum
,SMA  sma    r     r     (smc sma r) sm1 smk3

[540] heard on handa;    wit unc wi hronfixas
[540]  hrum hndum,   v vi hvalfiskum
, SA (/smc) \ma sma  SMA(0 \sma/5) sm2 sma

[541] werian hton.   N h wiht fram m
[541] verjast vildum.   Var hann eivit mr
,SMB sma     sm    MB   0  (smb) \sm sma (sma)

[542] fldum feor   flotan meahte,
[542] um flldu framar   n fljta mtti
,MA  (z) sma smk1 smk3    (z) sma   r

[543] hraor on holme,   n ic fram him wolde.
[543] hraar um s;   en honum fr n vk.
,SMB sma   (sm1) sm 0 (/sma) z (sma \sma) sm1 

[544]  wit tsomne   on s wron
[544]  vi til samans    s vorum
,SMA(sma r   smc  r)     (smc) sma r

[545] ff nihta fyrst,   ot unc fld tdrf,
[545] fimm ntur fullar   uns fl okkur skildi,
,SMA  sma  ma    2     (sms/4) /sma (\sma) sm

[546] wado weallende,   wedera cealdost,
[546] rst vallandi,   vera kaldast,
,SMB  sm    sma         r     r

[547] npende niht,   ond noranwind
[547] ntt nidimm   og noranvindur
,SMA /sma  \smg4    (sm1) sma   r

[548] heaogrim ondhwearf;   hro wron a.
[548] helkaldur mti bls;   har risu unnir.
,SMB  sm2 m      m    sm      sx5  sm  sma

[549] Ws merefixa   md onhrred;
[549] Voru lagardr   lostin undrum.
, MC  ma   m   m      /m     m

[550] r m wi lum   lcsyrce mn
[550] Leik vi au hi   lfsserkur minn
, MC /1 (z sma 0)  3      sm3 sma   (sma)

[551] heard hondlocen,   helpe gefremede,
[551] hr handasm   hjlp veitti,
,SMA  sma  ma   0      sma   sm

[552] beadohrgl brden   on brostum lg
[552] bhregla brugin    brjsti l,
,SMA  sma smb   sma     (sma) sma   r

[553] golde gegyrwed.   M t grunde tah
[553] glitu gulli.   Mig til grunna dr
,SMA  /sm2   \sma    (sma smb) sma   sm

[554] fh fondscaa,   fste hfde
[554] feigur fjandskai,   er fest hafi
, SMA sma    r    r    MA (z) mb   sma

[555] grim on grpe;   hwre m gyfee wear
[555]  grimmum greipum.  En mr gefi var
, A   (/smc) ma sma  SMA (sm sma) mb  sm5

[556] t ic glcan orde gerhte,
[556] gnarlegum   oddi a rja 
,A (z z) mb m3    ma   (z) 2

[557] hildebille;   heaors fornam
[557] hildiblds,    heitu stri
, A sma   smb     (z)  2    \m

[558] mihtig meredor   urh mne hand.
[558] mttugt marardr   minni hendi.
,SMA sma     r    r   (z) sma sma

[559] Sw mec gelme   lgetonan
[559] A mr oftlega   illdr krepptu
, MC (0   ma) sm       sm sm  //m  

[560] ratedon earle.   Ic him node
[560] jkuu unglega.   au eg hfi
, SMA sm3     r         (/smc \sma) s

[561] doran sweorde,   sw hit gedfe ws.
[561] dru vopni   svo sem vera ber.
,SMC  sma  sm     (sma 0)   /b    0

[562] Ns he re fylle gefan hfdon,
[562] Var eim eigi   s veisluglei
, MC  0   (mb   \m     \\mc) \\m  \m

[563] manforddlan,   t he m gon,
[563] mannatum   mig a gleypa,
, MA  5    1     (/sma 0) m

[564] symbel ymbston   sgrunde nah;
[564] setjast a krs   fyrir s nean,
, MB  /ma     m  \m     0     sma sk3

[565] ac on mergenne   mcum wunde
[565] en a morgni   mki undair
,SMA (sm1 r) sma     r    r
*The difference of number between mcum(dp)mki(ds) does not constitue a lack of s, which indicates grammatical slot within a syntactic grid

[566] be lfe   uppe lgon,
[566] vi tfiri   uppi lgu
,SMA (smc) sm3 1   (sma) sma

[567] sweordum swefede,   t syan n
[567] sverum svfir,   san aldregi
,SMA  sma     r         (z sma) sm

[568	ymb brontne ford   brimlende
[568] um brattan s   brimfara
,SMA(sma) sma   sm   sma sm

[569] lde ne letton.   Loht astan cm,
[569] leium loka.   Ljs skein  austri
,SMA sma (z)  m     smb  /sm (z) \sma

[570] beorht bacen godes;   brimu swaredon,
[570] bjrt gus birta,   brim lgi
,SMA  sma  /sma  \sm2    sma  sm

[571] t ic snssas   geson mihte,
[571] a eg svarstrnd   sj mtti,
,SMA (sma r) sma sm      sma sma

[572] windige weallas.   Wyrd oft nere
[572] vindi veraa.   Verur oft annig
,SMA  ma    1       MA 5     (sma) 0

[573] unfgne eorl,   onne his ellen dah!
[573] feigum fora  fyrir eigin d!
,MC   ma      0\\m    0   z  3\m   3\m 

[574] Hwere m geslde,   t ic mid sweorde ofslh
[574] Svona mr lnaist           me sveri a sl
, SMB sm   (sma) sm  MA       (z z sma) sma    0  ma

[575] niceras nigene.   N ic on niht gefrgn
[575] nu nikra.        Um ntt frttist eigi
,SMA /sma \sma     MA  (z sm1) sma /mb     \m

[576] under heofones hwealf   heardran feohtan,
[576] undir himinhvolfi   um harari mannraun,
,SMA (sma)  smb  sma  MA (z) sma     sm

[577] n on gstramum   earmran mannon;
[577] n  ldum hafs   annrki meira.
,SMA (sma smc) /sm \sm  x2/s3   1\m

[578] hwere ic fra feng   fore gedgde,
[578] Enn mr lnaist   lfi a bjarga
,C    sm    (mc) 0          sm  (z) m 

[579] ses wrig.    mec s obr,
[579] af sundi mur.    mig srinn bar
,SMA (z) sm1   sm     (sma r)  sma  t sma

[580] fld fter faroe   on Finna land,
[580] flarstraumur   a Finnalandi,
,SMB  mb (z) \sm      (sm1) sma  r

[581] wadu weallendu.   N ic wiht fram 
[581] ylgja lgandi.   Aldrei af r
,SMC  smo3  smo3       sm    (smc sma)
*This notation cannot show parallelism: there is an internal interference pattern in wadu weallendu (partial coherent) paralleled by ylgja lgandi. The symbol o is used for a moire not otherwise defined.
*ic does not produce z, but occurs as \\\sma in next line.

[582] swylcra searona   secgan hrde,
[582] afrek slk          innt eg heyri,
,SMC  /sm   \sma          sm (\\\sma) sma

[583] billa brogan.   Breca nfre git
[583] bldarbrg.   Breki hefir eigi
,SMA  smb   sm3      sma   g3////s  \m
*The displaced s on hefir is gefremede 585, cf.591

[584] t heaolce,   ne gehwer incer,
[584]  hjrvaleik,   n hinir i,
,SMA(sm1) sm3 sma    (sma) m (mc)

[585] sw   dorlice    dd gefremede
[585] svona djarflega   d unni
,SMA (sma)  sm3         sma sm

[586] fgum sweordum   - n ic s fela gylpe -,
[586] hvssum sverum  - hli eg v eigi -
,SMC  sm      sma       /sm (sma smb) z \sm

[587] ah  num brrum   t banan wurde,
[587] tt    brrum num   a bana yrir,
,SMB (smb z) /sma   (\sma   smc) sma r     

[588] hafodmgum;   s  in helle scealt
[588] hfuttingjum.    helvti muntu
,SMA  sma  sm        (z sma) sma z sm0 (\sma)

[589] werho drogan,   ah n wit duge.
[589] fordming la   vegna lymsku innar.
,SMC  sm        sm   C (s)   m    (\ma)  z

[590] Secge ic  t se,   sunu Ecglfes,
[590] Segi eg r a snnu   sonur Eggleifs,
,SMA sma (sma r smc) sma     r     r  r 

[591] t nfre Grendel sw fela   gryra gefremede,
[591] aldregi hefi Grendill   svo grtt leiki
,SMB(z) sm   gx3//s   sma  z (\\sma) m1  sm
*The displaced s of hefi is gefremede cf. 583

[592] atol glca,   ealdre num,
[592] freskja ill   ling inn
,SMA  /sm2     \sm1  smx3  (sma)

[593] hno on Heorote,      gif n hige wre,
[593] og hraksmna Hjrtinn,   vri hugur inn
,MA   (/0) m1       sma  SMA (z /sma) sma (\sma)

[594] sefa sw searogrim,   sw  self talast;
[594] sinni itt svalt   eins og sjlfur telur.
,SMA  sm3  (0)  sm1\2    (sm  0) sma     smb

[595] ac h hafa onfunden,   t h  fhe ne earf,
[595] a hefir hann fundi   a ei     flast urfti
,SMA z (0//sma /sma \sma) sma  (sma /smc) z 3////m sma
*The displacd m of flast is onsittan, 579

[596] atole ecgrce   ower leode
[596] atalt eggjaras   jfurs lia,
,     sma   sma  sm3    5      sm5

[597] swe onsittan,   Sige-Scyldinga;
[597] svinnra sta   sigur-Skjldunga;
,     5       b      sma   r

[598] nyme ndbde,   nnegum ra
[598] velur a er vill   og vgir engum
, SC  sm    (0  0) 0 SMC (z) /sm  \smb

[599] lode Deniga,   ac h lust wige,
[599] af Dana li,   drepur a vild,
,SMC (z) /sma \smb  (z z) /sm (z) 3

[600] swefe ond snede,   secce ne wne
[600] svfir svefnorni,   sknar ei vntir
, MA  smb (z) 1\b 0    SMA smb   (smc) smb

[601] t Gr-Denum.   Ac ic him Gata sceal
[601] af geir-Dnum.   En Gauta mun eg honum
,SMA (smc) sma r     (smc) /sma /sm (\sma r) 

[602] eafo ond ellen   ungera n,
[602] afl og ri   ur en varir
,SMA  sm3 (sm1) sm1  m   (z) 0\m

[603] ge gebodan.         G eft s e mt
[603] a gunnverkum sna.   Gangi hver sem m
,    (z) sma 0       sm      smb z (smc r)  smb

[604] t medo mdig,   sian morgenloht
[604] hraustur til mjaar,   egar morgunljmi
,SMB  /sm    (\smb) \sma     sm     sma   smb

[605] ofer ylda bearn   res dogores,
[605] yfir aldabrn    ru dgri,
,SMA (sma) sma  r    (z) sma  smb

[606] sunne sweglwered   san scne!
[606] sunna svsleg   r suri skn!"
,     sma   smx3     (z) sma   r