The Old English Alphabet

Long vowels are sometimes written:      
s can be written in three ways (the first is the most common)::      
The word "■Št" is often written::      
The word "ond"/"and" is usually written:      
The letters "n" and "m" are often abbreviated with a tilde:      
Thus "■onne" may be written:
                       and "lÚodum":
Punctuations are used very irregularly. They include:
The end of a poem, verse or paragraph, is often shown thus:

MS and transcription of 'Deor', Exeter Book, late 10th century (from The Exeter Book, Part II, E.E.T.S No. 194 (1933)