Žingeyraverkefniš

English below

 

Markmišiš meš Žingeyraverkefninu er aš rannsaka Žingeyrar ķ Hśnažingi sem menningar- og valdamišstöš ķ lengri tķma. Tališ er aš Hśnavatnsžing hafi veriš haldiš į žar į fyrri hluta žjóšveldisaldar en į Žingeyrum var sķšan frį 1133–1551 rekiš klaustur af reglu Benedikts, lengst allra klaustra į Ķslandi. Eftir lokun klaustursins settust svo aš į Žingeyrum umbošsmenn Danakonungs. Sįu žeir um klaustureignirnar, auk žess aš starfa sem sżslumenn. Įriš 1812 komst jöršin sķšan ķ einkaeigu žegar klausturhaldarinn og sżslumašurinn Björn Ólsen keypti hana af Danakonungi. Hafši hann žį haft umsjón meš Žingeyraklaustursumboši um įtta įra skeiš. Rannsóknin mun byggja į nįlgunum póst-hśmanisma sem gengur śt į aš skoša samspil manns og nįttśru. Innan žess ramma veršur skošaš hvaša įhrif mismunandi rekstrarform į Žingeyrum hafši į umhverfi Hśnažings, hvernig tekist var į viš pólitķk įtök stašamįla į tķmum klausturhalds žar, kólnandi vešurfar į tķmum litlu ķsaldarinnar og tķmabundin įföll eins og žegar svarti dauši barst til Žingeyra. Loks veršur lögš įhersla į aš kanna hvernig regluverki Benedikts var fylgt eftir ķ klausturhaldi hérlendis.

Uppgröftur į Žingeyrum hófst eftir margra įra undirbśning sumariš 2018 žegar fjįrframlag var veitt til hans śr Fornminjasjóši. Undirbśningurinn var fjįrmagnašur fyrir framlög frį Rannķs, landeigendum, Heklu bķlaumboši og CreditInfo.

Ķ stjórn Žingeyraverkefnisins eru Björn Bjarnason fyrrv. rįšherra, formašur, Valgeršur Valsdóttir, hśsfreyja og eigandi Žingeyra, Valur Ingimundarson prófessor ķ sagnfręši viš Hįskóla Ķslands, Bergur Žorgeirsson forstöšumašur Snorrastofu ķ Reykholti og Gušrśn Nordal forstöšumašur Stofnunar Įrna Magnśssonar ķ ķslenskum fręšum. Ingimundur Sigfśsson, fyrrv. sendiherra, įtti einnig sęti ķ stjórn verkefnisins en hann lést ķ mars 2018.

 

The Žingeyrar project

The objective of the project is to study Žingeyrar in Hśnažing as a center of culture and governance over a long time. It is believed that the assembly for the Northern quarter of Iceland, Hśnavatnsžing, was held there during the first decades of the Icelandic Commonwealth period (AD 930–1262). During the period from 1133–1551 a Benedictine monastery was operated there – longest of all monasteries operating in Iceland. After the closure of the monastery, agents of the Danish king resided at Žingeyrar as the keepers of the monastic properties. They also acted as the local sheriffs on his behalf. In 1812 Žingeyrar came into private ownership but this was when the sheriff Björn Ólsen bought it from the Danish king.

The investigation at Žingeyrar will be based on the approaches of post-humanism, which aims to examine the interplay between humans and nature. Within that framework, the impact of the different operations at Žingeyrar on the environment of Hśnažing will be examined but also how the political conflicts of affairs, named Investiture Controversy (Icel. stašamįl), were tackled in the times of the monastic maintenance there, during the cooling weather in the times of the Little Ice Age and temporary crisis such as when the black death came to Žingeyrar in 1402. Lastly but not least, special emphasis will be placed on exploring how the Benedict order was followed in monasticism in Iceland.

Excavation at Žingeyrar began after many years of preparation in the summer of 2018 when a financial contribution was granted to him for one season from the Archeology Fund. The preparations were financed for contributions from Rannķs, landowners, the Hekla car dealership and CreditInfo.

In the board of the Thingeyrar project are Björn Bjarnason (chair) former minister, Valgeršur Valsdóttir landowner of Žingeyrar, Valur Ingimundarson professor of history at the University of Iceland, Bergur Žorgeirsson director of Snorrastofa – cultural and medieval centre in Reykholt and Gušrśn Nordal director of the Institute of Įrni Magnśsson. Ingimundur Sigfśsson, former ambassador and owner of Žingeyrar, also served on the project“s board but he died in March 2018.